The card contains five cut and glued press clippings containing reports on court trials against Dušan Makavejev, the director and producer of the film “W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism”, against Lazar Stojanović, the director and producer of the film “Plastic Jesus”, and against Kosta Čavoški, then an assistant professor at Faculty of Law in Belgrade, sentenced to five months in prison with a two-year suspended sentence, on charges of criticism of the 1971 Yugoslav constitutional amendments.
The film “W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism” from 1971 was banned in the SFRY for 15 years, although it won many awards abroad (Interfilm, international criticism in Berlin, Luis Buñuel Award in Cannes). As further described in the Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography's film lexicon, Makavejev among other things ironically thematized the rigidity of the communist regime, i.e. the conservatism of supposedly advanced socialist societies. The main character Milena, a young Yugoslav communist, also represents feminist attitudes in relation to psychoanalysis and Marxism, while the film’s structure in general relies mostly on the experience of the so-called historical, especially the Soviet, avant-garde.
The film “Plastic Jesus”, directed by Lazar Stojanović, was made in that same year. The film was banned, locked away, and first shown in 1990. Its author was sentenced to prison. Besides its erotic content, the film was banned primarily because of its open criticism of Tito's cult of personality and the Yugoslav regime. This film led to Stojanović’s as inclusion among the directors of the so-called Black Wave, a Yugoslav film movement of the 1960s and early 1970s. It was characterized by criticism of contemporary socialist society, ideology and government and their public presentation, and by realism in the presentation of everyday life versus the official socialist cultural statism which represented reality through the prism of the overall progress and prosperity of Yugoslav socialist society.
Besides those described above, the collection also includes approximately fifty press clippings from the period 1972-1974 that are thematically linked to the crimes of enemy propaganda in artistic production, the crime of production and distribution of pornography, and the crime of impugning the reputation of the state, the highest state officials and institutions. The documents are available for research and copying.
- Belgrade, Serbia
- Novi Sad, Serbia
- Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Zagreb, Croatia
- Piesă remarcabilă la:
This covers Nikolić's account of the international bookfair in Frankfurt in 1981. The article was issued by Croatian Review in the December edition in 1981. Nikolić wrote that this was the ninth appearance of Croatian emigrant publishers at the Frankfurt fair, including Croatian Review, starting in 1973. Besides Croatian Review, other Croatian emigrant publishers also appeared: ZIRAL (Community of the Wounded Swan, Chicago-Zurich), Studia Croatica (Buenos Aires), New Croatia (London), Croatian Voice (London), Republic of Croatia (Buenos Aires), Croatische Berichte (Cologne) and Adria Verlag (Brugg). Yugoslavia was present with 52 publishers among the 86 countries of exhibitors. In comparison, he claimed that the quality of Croatian emigrant publishing was much higher than that of Yugoslav publishing. He also considered Yugoslav publishing worse than that of other East European countries, such as Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Poland.
One of the most attractive books, which caught the attention of visitors, was the book The National Question in Contemporary Europe by Franjo Tuđman. It was printed in 1981 by Nikolić’s publishing house Library of Croatian Review. That year Croatian emigrants organized a literary evening at which Nikolić recited his poetry. Emigrant publishers were subjected to particular scrutiny by the Yugoslav government, which lodged protests with the organizers because of their participation. At the same time, it posted its secret police agents at the exhibitor's booths to discover anyone from the homeland who was interested in reading émigré literature.
"Report by Ivan Stoyanov Yankulov, Head of Division 01, Section 06 – State Security", Sofia, 30 January 1984, to the Minister of the Interior.The officer reports about the strengthening of "negative tendencies" to be observed lately among the intelligentsia. These are said to be due the stepped-up afforts of the "enemy" as well as the activities of "hostile elements" inside the country. The report also detailed the problems of the state security's work among the artistic intelligentsia because of their distrust, of their closed way of life or of their high professional or social status. Therefore, it is suggested, the development and monitoring of this category of persons should be carried out by technical means. The document, thus, indicates growing resentment of the regime by the intelligentsia and shows the ways, how the statet security evaluated the effectiveness of its own work.
A notebook with transcripts and notes made by Lukšienė during meetings of the Department of Lithuanian Literature (1957-1958). These notes reveal discussions by members of the department and guests from the Party and government institutions about directions in research and teaching. For example, from one note, we can see a polemic on what should be considered as liberalism, and what the bourgeois democratic movement was, and how to deal with Vincas Kudirka and Jonas Mačiulis-Maironis. The leading Soviet ideologues Romas Šarmaitis (1909-1995) and Juozas Žiugžda (1893-1979) participated in this meeting at the Department of Lithuanian Literature, imposing their very negative attitudes towards these famous Lithuanian poets.
On 17 January 1988, around the periphery of the traditional march commemorating Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, which had long since become a mere ritual, a group of protestors unfurled a banner with the famous words of Luxemburg “Freedom is always and exclusively freedom for the one who think differently.” They, along with many other protestors were arrested at the end of the demonstration, with some being forcibly extradited from the GDR against their will. This measure and its consequences are a key element in the prehistory of the “Wende” of 1989. Owing to the lack of publicity, little was known about the events or the protests and solidarity demonstrations which followed it.
As a result, the so-called “Telephone Contact group” was created in Berlin. They distributed their number across the GDR via the structures of the church. Similar to an autonomous investigation committee, the group gathered information on the reactions (and mood) in the country. The notes which have been preserved here pinpoint where and when demonstrations and other acts of solidarity with the “Luxemburg-Liebknecht demonstrators” could be found. Marianne Birthler, who would later go on to become the Federal Commissioner for the Documents of the State Security Service of the former GDR, also belonged to the “Telephone Contact Group” and passed this on to the Robert-Havemann Society.
- 10437 Berlin Schliemannstraße 23 , Germany
- Piesă remarcabilă la: